— Alice Hwang 04.12.15. Y8 Jeoji —
The triangular slave trade was a trade route between three of the major ports around the Mediterranean. It significantly helped the merchants during that period as it transported supplies between the three countries.
This type of slave trade originated mainly from Britain; from the ports of London, Liverpool, and Bristol, slave ships were sent containing supplies such as cloth, guns, and drinks. The goods were then carried to one of the African ports and the products were given in exchange for the blacks who had been kidnapped from that area. Chiefs from certain areas had kidnapped people from other villages so that they could trade precious supplies for their own benefits. The traders from Britain kept the slaves in extremely poor conditions until they met a different ship to sell them in order to earn profit. Britain looked forward to finding cheap slaves, so they used to sail for a very long time around the African coast. The ships would leave as soon as they were occupied entirely with black slaves.
After that they entered the Middle Passage, and by that time the ship would be filled with slaves to carry to the West Indies. When Britain reached the West Indies, the slaves would be sold in higher prices in the slave markets. The slaves that were bought worked in large plantations (especially sugar cane) without getting paid, and on top of that they were forced to work longer than they were allowed to, and they were treated with disrespect. These people were a possession of the plantation owners; they did not have any rights (freedom of speech etc.). The owners often harmed the slaves in very brutal ways. Some slaves rebelled against their white owners, but it was not worth trying, as most of the rebellions resulted in savage killing of the blacks as well as more severe violence and monitoring. Shock caused pregnant women to miscarry their babies and many were forced into abortion. Many slaves tried to escape to South America or to North America in search for freedom.
The money made by trading slaves from Britain helped in bringing sugar, coffee, and other goods back to the voyage back into Britain. This provided a base for the English to love tea and with more people in search for sugar and coffee, this barbaric slave trade continued for several years.