According to the World Health Organization(WHO), mental

health is defined as ‘a state of well-being in which every individual

realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of

life, can work productively and fruitfully and is able to make a

contribution to her or his community’. It is important in every stage of

life and it includes the control of our emotional, psychological and

social well-being. Surprisingly, 1 in 5 adults experiences a mental

health condition every year and 1 in 20 lives with a serious mental

illness such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. This impacts a

person’s thinking, feeling or mood and may affect his or her ability to

relate to others and function on a daily basis.


For diagnosis, psychiatrists and psychologists use specially

designed interview and assessment tools to evaluate one’s mental

illness. They use the standard manual which is the Diagnostic and

Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM) published by the

American Psychiatric Association. According to the evaluation, the

doctor will prescribe pills and medicine that would help the patient’s

mental illness. Early engagement and support are important in

improving mental disorder and increasing the chances of recovery.


— Chloe Moon Y10 Jeoji —